In 1962, Arzew, Algeria became the location of our first major gas contract. Gaz de France and SEHR (Société d’Exploitation des Hydrocarbures d’Hassi R’Mel) signed an agreement protocol calling for the Arzew liquefaction plant to produce up to 7,000 m3 of LNG per day. SEHR is responsible for supplying LNG to the French and British markets.
The plant and its LNG terminal were commissioned in 1964. Established in 1960, CAMEL (Compagnie algérienne de méthane liquide) received 50% of its capital from France, and 50% from British and American investors. The company managed the construction of liquefaction facilities in Arzew to treat gas from the Hassi R’Mel field.
Location Arzew, Oran region, Algeria
Capacity 1 million metric tons of LNG/year
Between 1976 and 1978, a new natural gas liquefaction unit—the largest of its kind at the time—was built in Bethioua, near Arzew. At the same time, Gaz de France and the Algerian state oil company Sonatrach signed several major technical cooperation contracts in Arzew.
The liquefaction plant was decommissioned in 2010 and later dismantled.
Cameroon has significant natural gas reserves. Estimated at 500 billion m3 by SNH (Société Nationale des Hydrocarbures), its reserves are large enough to make Cameroon a major player in the international gas market.
In 2008, SNH in Cameroon signed a partnership with GDF SUEZ to export its LNG. The contract calls for the construction of a liquefaction plant with a capacity of 3.5 million MT per year.
Commissioned set for 2021
Location Kribi region on the southern coast of Cameroon
Capacity 3.5 million MT of LNG per year
In 2009, preliminary studies demonstrated that the best solution for exporting LNG from Cameroon involves building an onshore liquefaction plant in the Kribi region on the southern coast of Cameroon.
Gas is produced offshore at the Snøhvit, Albatross and Askelaad fields. It is then transported by underwater pipeline to the plant on the island of Melkøya, located in the bay of the city of Hammerfest. Inaugurated in 2007, the plant is managed by Statoil on behalf of 5 companies, including GDF SUEZ. The Group has a 12% stake in the plant and the exploration-production license.
Location North of the Arctic Circle, Norway
4.2 million metric tons of LNG,
equivalent to 9 million m3 of LNG
In 2002, Gaz de France signed a 20-year LNG purchase contract with EGPC, GAS, BG and Petronas for 4.8 billion m3 of natural gas from the Idku plant, representing all gas produced by train 1. The following year, Gaz de France delivered its first cargo of LNG from the Idku plant in Egypt to the Dahej LNG terminal in India.
Gaz de France also holds a 5% stake in train 1, which is operated by British Gas.
Commissioned May 2005
Location East of Alexandria, Egypt
Capacity 7.2 million metric tons of LNG, for a total of 15.6 million metric tons of LNG for the 2 trains
A new LNG route to the Pacific emerged in 2010. The BW GDF SUEZ BOSTON delivered its first shipment from Idku to Chile via the Strait of Magellan. 90,000 m3 of LNG were offloaded into the storage tanks of the BW GDF SUEZ Brussels, an LNG carrier chartered by GNL Mejillones (GNLM), a joint company owned by GDF SUEZ and CODELCO.
Egypt is currently coping with heavy demand in its domestic market and underinvestment in exploration-production. The liquefaction plant is also facing a severe lack of natural gas that is limiting its capacity to produce LNG.
Construction of the Fos-sur-Mer LNG terminal, later renamed Fos Tonkin, began in 1970. It was commissioned in 1972.
Fos Tonkin was designed to receive a new generation of LNG carriers, including the Descartes and its capacity of 50,000 m3 of natural gas. Following the terminal’s inauguration, substantial quantities of Algerian gas arrived via this terminal to supply the south of France, as well as the Paris region.
In 1986, the Fos Tonkin LNG terminal received its 1,500th shipment of LNG, the first terminal of its kind to reach such a milestone. Three years later, it received its 2,000th shipment in just 18 years of service.
In 2005, Fos Tonkin increased its capacity to 7 billion m3 of natural gas per year and added a loading station for LNG trucks in 2014.
Location 5 km from Fos Cavaou in Bouches-du-Rhône, France
Capacity 5.5 billion m3 of natural gas per year (3 Gm3 since 2015)
Located at Fos-sur-Mer, the Fos Cavaou LNG terminal offers a regasification capacity of 8.25 billion m3 per year. In service since April 2010, and directly accessible from the sea for the latest generation of large LNG carriers (such as the Qatari Q-max, a 345-meter ship with a capacity of 266,000 m3 of LNG), it represents a major point of entry into the French and European markets.
Operated by Elengy, the Fos Cavaou LNG terminal contains three storage tanks with a capacity of 110,000 m3 each. Since 2010, the terminal has served over 250 LNG carriers, including a Qatari Q-max. A GDF SUEZ subsidiary, Elengy owns and operates LNG terminals in France and around the world.
Location 5 km from Fos Tonkin in Bouches-du-Rhône, France.
Capacity 8.25 billion m3 of LNG per year
A giant LNG tanker received at Fos Cavaou terminal
Foxmax LNG is currently preparing to expand the capacity of its terminal by 2020 to meet customer demand and ensure secure natural gas supplies in Western Europe. Known as CAPMAX, the project will require the construction of one or two additional tanks to reach a total regasification capacity of 16.5 billion m3 per year.
The Montoir-de-Bretagne terminal was built in 1980 to receive gas produced in Bethioua, Algeria and supplied to Gaz de France by Sonatrach. Containing three storage tanks with a capacity of 120,000 m3 each, the 68-hectare LNG port can receive 10 billion m3 of LNG per year. In 1999, several major investments were made to upgrade its technology for receiving and offloading ships and regasification with the aim of increasing its natural gas capacity.
In 2004, the storage tank became the first worldwide to be drained to improve the terminal’s capacity, which was in decline. Emptying the tank enabled us to ensure that the cryogenic membrane was in excellent condition.
Location Brittany, France
Capacity 10 billion m3 of LNG per year
More recently, the Montoir-de-Bretagne LNG terminal hosted several noteworthy transshipment operations.
On August 7, 2013, Elengy and the port of Nantes Saint-Nazaire completed their first transshipment operation of LNG between two high-capacity LNG carriers.
On April 12, 2014, GDF SUEZ completed its first transshipment of LNG. Originating from the Snøhvit liquefaction plant in Norway, the LNG was shipped to Montoir-de-Bretagne, where it was transshipped to a second LNG carrier that delivered the LNG to Asia.
In 2010, the terminal was commissioned alongside a floating LNG storage unit with a capacity of 162,400 m3 (the BW GDF SUEZ Brussels) and onshore regasification units. The objective was to supply gas to mining companies in less than 27 months.
The floating storage unit was later replaced by an onshore storage tank with a capacity of 187,000 m3 of LNG. Standing at 48 m tall and measuring 100 meters in diameter, the storage tank is a technical marvel.
It features over 500 seismic isolation units designed to resist the most extreme earthquakes. It is a “full containment” storage tank with an internal tank made of 9% nickel steel.
In addition, the offloading rate of LNG carriers increased by 10,000 m3/h. The terminal offers substantial operational flexibility, with the ability to operate over a period of months without emissions.
Location Mejillones, in northern Chile
Capacity 5.5 million m3 of gas per day
Its gas output (5.5 million m3 per day) is sufficient to power a city of 300,000 residents for one year.
The terminal is part of Chile’s long-term strategy to diversify its energy mix, secure energy supplies and promote sustainable development.
The GNL del Plata is a major part of the Uruguayan government’s strategy to reduce oil imports and develop renewable energies by 2030. It’s also one of the country’s largest infrastructure projects and is expected to significantly transform its energy mix.
Commissioned Set for 2016
Capacity 10 million m3 of natural gas per day
GNL del Plata will serve LNG tankers with its 218,000-m3 capacity. LNG transfer will take place using a jetty and offloading arms. The facility offer a regasification capacity of 10 million m3 per day and a long-term storage capacity of 263,000 m3. It will include a Floating Storage and Regasification Unit (FSRU) and a jetty protected by a 1.5-km breakwater. Until the delivery of the new FSRU chartered by Mitsui OSK Lines, the GDF SUEZ Neptune regasification carrier will serve as the terminal. It will be the world’s largest Floating Storage and Regasification Unit.
Located in the “Rio de la Plata” estuary, the terminal faces several construction challenges including planning, sedimentation and weather and offshore conditions. Upon completion, it will offer flexible gas flow rates without emitting gas into the atmosphere.
The Everett terminal has been in service for over 40 years. In December 2010, the terminal had already attained a record 1,000 LNG shipments.
The terminal mainly supplies gas during winter periods of high demand directly to an electricity plant in the New England region. It also features four truck loading docks to distribute liquefied gas to customers in a 450-km radius that do not have access to gas pipelines or need more gas than pipelines can supply. Everett has a maximum loading capacity of 10,000 trucks per year.
Location Massachusetts, United States
Capacity 20.3 million m3 per day
In 2013, GDF SUEZ through its subsidiary Distrigas opened a LNG station to power its fleet of trucks. This LNG is first delivered and stored at the Everett terminal. It is then distributed by truck to customers within a 450-km radius that do not have access to gas pipelines or need more gas than pipelines can supply.
Since 2012, GDF SUEZ has worked with the Indian company company Andhra Pradesh Gas Distribution Corporation (APGDC), a subsidiary of GAIL, to develop a floating LNG regasification terminal with a capacity of 3.5 million MT per year. The terminal is located India’s east coast, where no infrastructure for importing natural gas currently exists.
Since 2015, the project has expanded with GDF SUEZ, Shell and APGDC signing twin agreements to locate the terminal in the port of Kakinada and to market the natural gas after regasification.
Kakinada is a city of over 380,000 residents located on the Bay of Bengal. Already protected by a breakwater, its port offers favorable conditions for the construction of a terminal.
Commissioned Set for 2016
Location Andhra Pradesh in southeast India
Capacity 5 million MT per year
A major first in India: the LNG terminal will use floating storage and regasification (FSRU) technology, with a total capacity of five million metric tons per year and the possibility of doubling this capacity.
“The Group’s involvement in the Kakinada LNG project confirms its belief in the Indian energy sector’s growth potential,”
GDF SUEZ Energy SAMEA Chairman and CEO Lucas Hautvast says.
The recent shale gas revolution in the United States has led to a sharp decline in the price of natural gas across the country. It has also prompted the launch of several projects aimed at exporting liquefied gas, including Cameron LNG.
An LNG terminal converted into a liquefaction plant
A unique characteristic of this project is that the liquefaction plant will be built on an existing industrial site: Sempra Energy built a small LNG regasification terminal in 2009. Because its commissioning coincided with the shale gas boom and plummeting natural gas prices in the US market, the site went almost entirely unused.
In this context, importing LNG to the United States ceased to be a lucrative venture, as domestic gas became far cheaper.
Sempra quickly decided to transform the terminal into an LNG liquefaction plant, teaming up with the following industrial partners: GDF SUEZ, Mitsubishi and Mitsui.
Commissioned Scheduled for 2018
Location Louisiana, near the Gulf of Mexico
Capacity 12 million MT of LNG per year
In 2012, GDF SUEZ signed an agreement with Sempra, giving the Group a 16.6% stake in the project with access to a third of the plant’s capacity.
This capacity is expected to reach a total of 12 million MT of LNG that spans three liquefaction trains, representing 4 million MT of LNG for GDF SUEZ.
A final investment decision was reached in August 2014 following the general engineering studies and permit application process, which involves conducting environmental impact studies and public consultation to obtain authorization from the US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. The project operators formed a joint-venture and renovation work began.
Renovation work is scheduled for completion in 2018. All three liquefaction trains will be commissioned in succession during that same year.
The Cameron plant enables GDF SUEZ to diversify and secure its LNG supplies while meeting demand in Europe, Latin America and Asia, all regions in which demand is growing.